African-Americans are incarcerated in state prisons at a rate that is 5.1 times that of whites; in five states (Iowa, Minnesota, New Jersey, Vermont and Wisconsin) the disparity is 10 to 1.
In 12 states, more than half the prison population is black, led by Maryland, whose population is 72 percent black. These statistics come out of a new report (available at The Sentencing Project) chronicling racial disparities in criminal justice. According to The Pew Charitable Trusts, Native American girls “have the highest rates of incarceration of any ethnic group. They are nearly five times more likely than white girls to be confined to a juvenile detention facility.”